The topic I chose to research was Agent Orange. Agent Orange was a blend of herbicides that were sprayed in jungles to kill forestation and foliage. The purpose of killing the trees and plants was to make sure there wasn't any cover for enemies. The herbicide was given it's name because of the color of the orange- striped barrels it came in. It was the most used out of the "Rainbow Herbicides." Some effects that the herbicide had on children were mental disabilities, cleft palate, hernias, and extra fingers or toes. High levels of dioxin were found in breast milk of South Vietnamese women and the blood of U.S. military personnel. The zones that were affected the most were the Long Mountains and the border between Vietnam and Cambodia. U.S. veterans have had increased cancer rates, and skin, respiratory, digestive, and nerve disorders. When some veterans returned home they suspected that their wives had miscarriages or their babies were born with birth defects because of the harsh chemical. Another problem was that Agent Orange would get into the soil which made it easier for families to be effected by it. The first time the herbicide was sprayed was at Tan Son Nhut Air Base on January 9, 1962. Air Force records from the U.S. show that at least 6,542 spraying missions took place during Operation Ranch Hand. Operation Ranch Hand lasted from 1962 to 1971. Another reason why Agent Orange and other herbicides were sprayed was to deprive the Viet Cong of food.